OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report
The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top Ten 2021 Report helps keep your web application secure against the latest threats.
- Since the first edition in 2003, the list of top ten application security risks reflects industry trends, web technologies, and threat landscape.
- Thanks to the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report, you can identify the common weaknesses, which can be present in your web application and exploited by malicious attackers.
- Developers and technical staff can prioritize, understand, and fix security issues because the report provides essential information, such as HTTP requests and responses, to them.
For further information about the OWASP Top Ten 2021, see What the OWASP Top 10 2021 categories mean for OWASP compliance.
This topic describes the different sections of the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report. It also explains how to generate and download the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Invicti Enterprise and Invicti Standard.
There can be other vulnerabilities and security issues found in your web applications but not listed in the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report. For the comprehensive security report, generate the Detailed Scan Report.
Click to view a sample OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report.
OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report sections
There are four sections in the OWASP Top 10 2021 Report:
- Scan Metadata
- Vulnerability Names and Details
- Show/Hide Scan Details
This section provides details on the following items:
- Scan Target
- Scan Time
- Scan Duration
- Total Requests
- Average Speed
- Risk Level
For further information, see Progress, and Scan Duration and Speed.
This provides a numerical and graphical overview of:
- Numbers The numbers of issues detected at various Vulnerability Severity Levels
- Identified Vulnerabilities The total number of detected vulnerabilities
- Confirmed Vulnerabilities The total number of vulnerabilities that Invicti verified by taking extra steps such as extracting some data from the target
Vulnerability names and details
This section describes all identified issues and vulnerabilities, along with their Impact and Proof of Exploit. It also explains what Actions to Take and a Remedy for each one, including External References for more information.
This table lists and explains the headings in the Vulnerability Names and Details section.
|Name||This is the name of the identified issue.|
|Tag||This is the label to group, organize, and filter issues in the target web application.|
|Proof of Exploit||This is a piece of evidence supplied to prove that the vulnerability exists, showing information that is extracted from the target using the vulnerability.
For further information, see Benefits of Proof-Based Scanning™ Technology.
|Vulnerability Details||This displays further details about the vulnerability.|
|Certainty Value||This indicates how much Invicti is sure about the identified issue.|
|Impact||This shows the effect of the issue or vulnerability on the Target URL.|
|Required Skills for Successful Exploitation||This gives details on how malicious hackers could exploit this issue.|
|Actions to Take||These are the immediate steps you can take to decrease the impact or prevent exploitation.
|Remedy||This offers further steps to resolve the identified issue.|
|External references||This provides links to other websites where you can find more information.|
|Classification||OWASP 2021: This provides further information about this vulnerability according to the 2021 Edition of the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 list.
CVSS 3.0: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.0 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.
CVSS 3.1: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.1 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.
|Remedy References||This provides further information on the solution for identified issues.|
|Proof of Concept Notes||These notes demonstrate in principle how a system may be compromised.
|Request||This is the whole HTTP request that Invicti sent in order to detect the issue.|
|Response||This is the reply from the system against the payload.|
Show/Hide scan details
This section provides some profile and policy settings that Invicti uses to adjust its scanning to reach more coverage. For example, it lists all enabled security checks.
It provides information on your preference in selecting this scan so that developers have more details on how this scan was run.
For further information, see Security Checks.
How to generate an OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Invicti Enterprise
- Log in to Invicti Enterprise.
- From the main menu, select Scans > Recent Scans.
- Next to the relevant scan, select Report.
- On the Scan Summary page, select Export.
- From the Report drop-down, select OWASP Top Ten 2021.
- From the Format drop-down, select an option.
- If required, select one of the following to configure your report:
- Exclude Addressed Issues excludes those issues on which you’ve already taken action. (All Information level findings are marked as Accepted Risk automatically by default. To change this behavior, see Do not mark Information issues as accepted risks in General Settings).
- Exclude History of Issues excludes the issue history from the report. If unselected, only the last 10 history items appear in the report. For further information, see Viewing Issues in Invicti Enterprise.
- Export Confirmed includes only those issues that are confirmed.
- Export Unconfirmed includes only those issues that are unconfirmed.
- Select Export.
You can view the report in the Save location.
How to generate an OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Invicti Standard
- Open Invicti Standard.
- From the ribbon, select the File tab. Local Scans are displayed. Double-click the relevant scan to display its results.
- From the Reporting tab, click the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report. The Save Report As dialog box is displayed.
- Select a save location, then Save.
- The Export Report dialog is also displayed at this point, with the Path field already populated from the previous dialog.
- From this dialog, you can decide on:
- Policy: Select the default report policy or customized report policy (see Custom Report Policies)
- Format: Select HTML and/or PDF format
- Vulnerability Options: Select all or any options below:
- Export Confirmed: When selected, the report will include confirmed vulnerabilities.
- Export Unconfirmed: When selected, the report will also include unconfirmed vulnerabilities.
- Export All Variations: Variations mean that if Invicti identified some passive or information level issues in more than one page, it does not show all these variations. However, users can change this by enabling or disabling this option.
- Header and Footer:
- Enter relevant information that will appear in the header and footer section of the report.
- Open Generated Report: When selected, your report(s) is generated when you select Save.
- Select Save.
You can view the report in the Save location.